CHRONOLOGY OF NEW YORK CITY'S FACTUAL "FIRST" 1524-1999
Researched and Compiled by Miriam Medina

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*Please note this is a work in progress. New researched information will be added periodically.

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1) The first ancestor of the Van Tuyl family emigrated from Holland to Staten Island, New York about 1700 and as the family married, members at different times moved up the Hudson River to New Jersey, Later Ohio, Illinois and Michigan. * (hollanders)

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1) During 1701, seven public wells were constructed in the city. These were built in the middle of the streets, and were especially designed for security against fires. Water was generally scarce and bad. * (hocny)

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1) The first great epidemic of yellow fever occurred in 1702. * (Concise)

2) New ordinances were passed in respect to cleaning the streets a matter in which the primitive New Yorkers seem to have experienced a foretaste of the trouble endured by their descendants. In 1702 an ordinance was enacted that all the inhabitants should sweep the dirt in heaps in front of their doors on Friday morning, and have it conveyed away and thrown into the river or elsewhere before Saturday night under penalty of six shillings. This, the cartmen were required to carry away at the rate of three cents per load, or six, if they loaded their carts themselves; and were subjected to heavy fines in case of a refusal.* (hocny)

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1) The first free school was opened.

2) The Friends or Quakers came into the city at a very early day. They built their first meeting house in 1703. * (Gaslight)

3) In 1703, the King's Farm was granted to the church by Queen Anne, thus becoming the celebrated Trinity church property. The church was enlarged in 1735, and again in 1737, to meet the increasing wants of the congregation, and thus remained until it fell a victim to the conflagration of 1776, which laid waste the greater portion of the city. It lay in ruins until 1788, when it was again rebuilt, and consecrated by Bishop Provost in 1791. * (hocny)

4) In 1703, William Peartree, a West India merchant and trader, was chosen mayor, and continued in the office for the ensuing four years. During the first year of his administration, the French Protestant church Du Saint-Esprit was built in Pine street by the Waldenses and Huguenots, many of whom had settled in New York and its vicinity. The Rev. James Laaborie was the first pastor, and the church soon numbered a flourishing congregation. * (hocny)

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1) In 1706 Francis Makemie who is considered the founder of the
Presbyterian church in America, being arrested in New York for preaching
without a license. * (NYS History)

2) In 1706, a widow by the name of Rebecca Van Schaick received the appointment of city pound-keeper. * (hocny)

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1) St. Andrew's Church in Richmondtown, Staten Island, N.Y. was founded in 1708. * (Museums)

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1) St. Andrew's Cemetery and Church on Richmond Hill Road, in Staten Island just north of Richmond and Arthur Kill Roads. It's one of the few reminders of New York's colonial past, having been established in 1709.

2) On the 18th of December, 1708, John, Lord Lovelace, Baron of Hurley, who had been appointed the spring before as Cornbury's successor, arrived at New York, and was joyfully welcomed by the citizens. In April, 1709, he convened his first Assembly, of whom he demanded the grant of a permanent revenue and the payment of the governmental debts, together with a full examination of the public accounts, "that it "might be known to all the world that the public debt "was not contracted in his time." * (hocny)

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1) In 1710, Trinity School was established in New York City under the auspices of the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. * (EAFD)

2) The first American "Book of Common Prayer" was issued in 1710 by William Bradford. * (EAFD)

3) The southwest corner of Rector Street was occupied at one time by a German Lutheran Church, erected about 1710 by immigrants from the Palatinate who had been driven out of their desolated country by the armies of Louis XIV. The church was burnt in the fire of 1776.* (BWY)

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1) In 1711, a public market for slaves was established at the market-house at the foot of Wall street slip, where all negroes or Indians who were to be hired were ordered to stand in readiness for bidders.

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1) A city ordinance was passed, providing that any negro or Indian slave who should presume to appear in the streets after nightfall without a lantern with a lighted candle in it should be committed to jail, to remain there until released by the payment of a fine of eight shillings by his master, and as an equivalent, the authorities pledged themselves that the culprit should receive thirty-nine lashes at the public whipping-post, should his master desire. But the negroes did not submit tamely to these despotic regulations, so from time to time, an outbreak warned the whites of the strength of the power which they were endeavoring to repress and of the deadly peril which was brooding among them. * (hocny)

2) First reported slave revolt in NYC; twenty slaves hanged after nine whites were killed. *(beatl)

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1) Captain Zacharias Hoffman II built the stone mansion at Red Hook known as the "Hoffman Mansion" in 1713 which is still well preserved. * (Hollanders)

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1) The first Baptist Congregation in New York held its meetings in the private house of Nicholas Eyres, a wealthy brewer who resided in Broad street in New York City , 1715. * (NYS History)

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1) NY Dissenters organize Ist Presbyterian Church on Wall Street; Scotsmen Robert Livingston and William Smith, Sr. among the prime movers .

2) In 1716, John Johnston, a shipping merchant of the city was appointed mayor. In the first year of his rule, the City Hall was graced by the first public clock ever put up in the city. This was a gift from Stephen De Lancey, who, having been paid fifty pounds for his services as representative in the Assembly, invested the sum in a clock, which he presented to the Corporation for the use of the city. * (hocny)

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1) Cornelis Van Santvoord and Maartje Van Poelgeest emigrated to America in 1717 and settled down in Staten Island, New York where the son became a minister of the reformed church. * (hollanders)

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1) In 1719 the first Presbyterian building ever erected in this city, was put up. It stood on Wall street, near Broadway. * (hocdcny)

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1) Dr. Cadwallader Colden, accepted his first political appointment, that of surveyor-general of New York. He also wrote and published in 1720 his first medical article "An Account of the Climate and Diseases of New York." *NYS History

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1) A Baptist Church opens in New York City on Cliff Street. *(beatl)

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1) NEW YORK GAZETTE: First publication was October, 1725, by William Bradford. Although his was the first New York newspaper, It was the organ of the governor and aristocratic or court party.

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1) The Garden street church having become full to over-flowing, a portion of the congregation determined to colonize, and, in 1726, purchased a lot of ground on the corner of Nassau and Liberty, then Crown street, and commenced the erection of the Middle Dutch church. * (hocny)

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1) In 1727 Bradford issued the first historical work published in the colony of New York entitled "A History of the Five Indian Nations" it was written by Cadwallader Colden. *(EPIC)

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1) On December 19, 1728 a small piece of land on Mill Street was acquired by several leaders of the congregation, thus the first synagogue building in North America was dedicated in 1730. *EOJK

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1) The first stage line to Philadelphia was established in 1730. * (Concise)

2) The Pelton House in Staten Island on Richmond Terrace at the foot of Pelton Avenue was in part erected about 1730, another part was added about 1776. December of 1731. Designed by Richard Newsham,

3) In 1730, the first stoneware furnace or Kiln, was established in New York City. * (EAFD)

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