CHRONOLOGY OF NEW YORK CITY'S FACTUAL "FIRST" 1524-1999
Researched and Compiled by Miriam Medina

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*Please note this is a work in progress. New researched information will be added periodically.

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1) In 1828, Thomas Hogg was located as a florist in the Bowery, but removed to 388 Broadway in 1832; he was probably the first florist in the city. His nurseries, as we would call them to-day, were on the Bloomingdale Road near Twenty-third Street, and were known in those days as Hogg's Gardens. *(Bwy)

2) 1828. The first Prince's Bay Lighthouse is constructed on Staten Island.

3) The first resident dentist in the second District (Long Island) was T. Jefferson Jones M.D. who began to practice in Brooklyn in 1828. * (NYS History) Vol: V

4) 1828 : 1st authentic documented dentist recorded T. Jefferson JONES Dental Practice & a Drug Store : 4 Sands Street

5) Manufacturer's fair was held in the Masonic Hall, New York City on October 24, 1828 under the auspices of the American Institute in the City of New York.

6) The American Seamen's Friend Society (ASFS), established in New York City in 1828, was one of a number of nineteenth-century religious organizations concerned with improving the social and moral welfare of seamen throughout the U.S. and abroad * (nyclc)

7) National Academy of Design, an organization in New York City instituted in 1826 and incorporated in 1828. * (Century)

8) The Brooklyn Amphitheatre, a fine, large frame building on the east side of Fulton, just below Concord street, was erected in the spring of 1828, by the proprietors of the Lafayette and Mount Pitt "establishments" in New York, and opened in July by an equestrian company. From a notice in the L.I. Star I learn that the still popular melo-drama of the "Broken Sword" was the initial bill, and that it was finely mounted, appointed and performed, and "attracted the silent and orderly attention of the audience." The Star remarks, depreciatingly, that "nothing but a higher species of gratification, combining intellect with show, can be expected to succeed' in Brooklyn. (28)

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1) New York City's first public transportation is provided by a horse-drawn bus, or omnibus.

2) The first temperance society in Jamaica and the second in America was organized by the Jamaica church in 1829. The members bound themselves by a religious vow to refrain from intoxicating beverages.

3) St. Andrew's, the first Protestant Episcopal congregation in Harlem, was organized in 1829 and opened its first church on Fourth (now Park) Avenue between 127th and 128th Streets the following year. * (mcny.org)

4) 1829, The Workingmen's Party of New York formed Carpenter Ebenezer Ford becomes the first trade unionist elected to public
office in New York.

5) The first cooperative stores in America (New York and Philadelphia) were established. * (TOH)

6) In 1829, at the solicitation of Mr. Edwin, comedian, from Niblo's Garden, the large refreshment saloon at Duflon's Military Garden was converted into a theatre, capable of comfortably accommodating some eight hundred people. The theatre was opened on the 19th of June with much eclat. The entertainment commenced with a grand vocal and instrumental concert, in which the following artists participated; Mr. Beargfelt, first violin; Mr. Koights, second violin; Mr. Jackson, tenor; Mr. D. Contra, basso; Mr. Senio, flute; Mr. C. Centra, clarionet; Mr. P. Torse, bugle; Mr. Boynson, trumpet; Mr. E.C. Petre, ditto Mr. Marino, ditto, and Mr. G. Dago, trombone; after which Mons. Chekin's pupils danced Madarin pas de Quatre; a new vandeville was then performed, when the entertainment was closed with a superb display of fireworks. (28)

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1) Stages were superseded by the omnibuses, the first of which appeared in 1830, running from the Bowling Green via Broadway to Bleecker Street. * (c.e.)

2) In 1830 New York City had become the premier industrial place in the United States, a position it has never relinquished. * (NYS History) Vol: V

3) New York Life Insurance and Trust Co. was established in 1830.

4) St. Clement's Church in Amity Street, Manhattan, N.Y. was built in 1830. Louis Bayard was its rector for many years. * (Old merchants)

5) By 1830 New York City had become the premier industrial place in the United States a position it has never relinquished. * (NYS History)

6) St. Clement's Church: In the month of July, 1830, an Episcopal church was organized under the above title, and the Rev. Lewis P. Bayard was appointed Rector. They met for worship in what was called "The Long Room," in the rear of the military hall, on Barrow street. The first services were attended by only about thirty persons. During the summer the congregation increased to about one hundred and eighty, and about thirty-six were enrolled as communicants. Measures were immediately taken to erect a church edifice, which was accomplished; and the house opened for worship, May 5th, 1831. It is situated on Amity street, near Sullivan street. * (hocadnyc)

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1) New York's Gramercy Farm is transformed into Gramercy Park, the first of New York's planned neighborhoods. Only the wealthy people of the surrounding lots had keys to the park.

2) Abraham Brower organizes the first horse-drawn omnibus service in New York City. *nyca

3) Practically all of New York's fish supply is handled through the Fulton market, established in 1831. * (NYS History)

4) New York School of Medicine, New York City. Organized under the auspices of the New York County Medical Society in 1831. * (Polk's)

5) Fort Hamilton.. A United States post, established in 1831, and occupying a reservation of 167 acres on the southwest shore of Long Island. It is one of the principal defenses of New York City, commanding "the Narrows." During the American Revolution the British landed here prior to the battle of Long Island. 1776. * (n.i.e.)

6) Sands Street Methodist Episcopal Church in Brooklyn was established in 1831. The pioneer of Methodism here was Thomas Webb, a captain in the British army, who began to preach "in his own hired house," near the barracks, in New York, as early as 1766. Subsequently be visited Brooklyn, and preached salvation. Woolman Hickson, His first sermon in Brooklyn was delivered in the open air at Sands street, directly in front of the site of the present Methodist Episcopal church.


7) Washington Street Methodist Episcopal Church (Washington street, between Concord and Tillery streets), in Brooklyn, was erected' in 1831. The first Sabbath school in connection with this church, was organized in 1832, by Judge John Dikeman, who was also a teacher in the first Sunday school formed in Brooklyn. His first female superintendent was Miss Hannah Stryker,
both of whom are still spared to gather some of the rich fruit of their early labors.

8) The first modern restaurant in New York City was opened (c.1831) by John and Peter Delmonico. * (Bartleby)

9) Fort Hamilton: A United States post, established in 1831, and occupying a reservation of 167 acres on the southwest shore of Long Island. It is one of the principal defenses of New York City, commanding "the Narrows." The post-office and telegraph station is Fort Hamilton, N.Y. There are quarters for 650 men and stables for 200 horses. During the American Revolution the British landed here prior to the battle of Long Island. 1776.* (n.i.e.)

10) The city's first railroad the New York and Harlem was chartered on December 22, 1831. It was promoted by Thomas Emmet, elder brother of Robert Emmet, the Irish martyr, but its first president was Allan Campbell. Its railroad cars were pulled first by mules, then by horses and then by locomotives. * (epic)

11) The New York Institution for the Blind was founded in 1831.

12) St. Peter's Episcopal Church is located on Twentieth street, near the Ninth avenue, and in the neighborhood of the Episcopal Theological Seminary. A church was organized here in the summer of 1831, and the Rev. Benjamin I. Haight, who was then connected with the Theological Seminary, became a stated supply. In the course of that year, a chapel was built, which was opened as a place of worship Feb. 4, 1832. The congregation was then small, and 22 members only were enrolled in the church.* (hocadnyc)

13) The Episcopal City Mission was organized in the autumn of the year 1831, when it was resolved to establish Mission Churches, for the more destitute portions of the population in the city. The first church of this description was in Vandewater street. * (hocadnyc)

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1) In New York City, the New York & Harlem Railroad begins operating the first streetcar in the world.

2) The first streetcar, a horse-drawn vehicle called the John Mason, went into operation in New York City, November 14,1832.

3) In 1832, the main building of the Blackwell's Penitentiary on Blackwell Island was erected.

4) 1832 William Thomas buys 30 acres of farmland and becomes the first African American landowner in Brooklyn. *(BTL)

5) New York City's reputation for being the dirtiest of the major cities. 1832 a catastrophic cholera year. It was reputedly the first time that the streets were thoroughly cleaned and ancient filth carted away. * (Fifth)

6) The First National Convention of Sunday School Workers were held in New York City in 1832. * (Concise)

7) Washington Irving's first book "History of the New York from the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty" (1832). *(Benet's)

8) A toy distribution center was opened on September 24, 1832 at the New York University Community Center in New York City. * (fff)

9) James Henry Hackett born at New York, an American actor. He is best known however for his representation of Falstaff which he first played about 1832. * (Century)

10) 1832 New York--first horse-drawn street railway line (New York & Harlem Railroad Co.)

11) Charles Constantine Pise, was the first Catholic Chaplain to the United States Senate in 1832. He was stationed in NYC from 1834-1849, Pastor of St. Charles Borromeo, Brooklyn. *(docb)

12) Church of the Epiphany: The origin of this church is full of interest. On a Sabbath, in the autumn of 1832, the Rev. Dr. McVickar had occasion to pass through Stanton street, the lower part of which was then a wretched and neglected quarter of the city. Here he encountered throngs of idle and destitute children, playing in the street, or lounging in the sun. Addressing one of the groups with the question why they were not at Sunday School, he was answered that there was none; and why they were not at church, that there was no church. His heart was moved with the situation of those children and their parents, and on reporting this case to two Christian ladies they at once placed in his hands $75, saying, "We will have on that spot a Mission Church; do you preach, and we will help you." Thus encouraged, a room was sought for, and with some difficulty obtained, not far from that spot. It was a small dark room, over an Engine House, facing on Allen street. Here, as the first congregation, there were assembled six adult worshippers, with two prayer-books, and a few ragged children that were persuaded to enter.* (hocadnyc)

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A) The New York Sun, the city's first successful penny daily paper, is launched.

B) On the first of January, 1833, the first number of the Knickerbocker Magazine was issued from its office on Broadway under the editorship of Charles Fenno Hoffman. * (NYS History) Vol: V

C) In 1833, the first block, or Belgian, pavement was substituted for the old cobble-stones; the first experiment was tried on the Bowery. In Broadway, Reuss blocks were tried, but they proved a failure, and the Belgian replaced them. *(Bwy)

D) 1833 , Sailor's Snug Harbor opens as the nation's first home and hospital for retired seamen. Its benefactor, Captain Robert Randall, created the institution in his will as a way to repay the sailors who had created his family's fortune.

E) 1833 : Dr.Peter first Health Officer of Brooklyn .

F) The Salamander Safe was invented by Charles A. Gayler of New York City who obtained a patent on April 12, 1833 on a "fire-proof chest". * (fff) PLEASE NOTE:  The name Charles A. Gayler which reflects the original published text has been challenged as being incorrect. According to a genealogist researcher who has been working on the Gayler line for years confirms that the person's name should read: Charles J (James) Gayler and not Charles A. Gayler. For any comments on this matter, please contact the website administrator.

G) Lorenzo Da Ponte (Jeremiah Conegliano), Librettist and opera director. He brought the first Italian opera company (Garcia) to New York, and managed Italian opera here in 1833. * (EOJK)

H) New Yorker: The first newspaper to be sold in New York at the price of one cent, was the "New Yorker", which was established in 1833 by Horatio David Shepherd, with Horace Greeley and Francis V. Stoney as partners, printers and publishers.

I ) The "New York Sun" was first published on September 3, 1833, at 222 William street, as a one-cent paper and Benjamin H. Day, the publisher, announced his intention to lay before the public, at a price with the means of everyone, all the news of the day, and at the same time afford an advaous means of advertising. * (NYS History)

J) The Seventh National Bank which was originally the Old Seventh Ward Bank and was established in 1833. * (nyt)

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A) John McCloskey was a bishop in the Roman Catholic Church and the first American cardinal. He was born in Brooklyn, New York, to Irish immigrant parents. He was ordained a priest at St. Patrick's Cathedral in January 1834, the first native-born New Yorker to become a diocesan priest. *(Bwy)

B) The city's first German language newspaper, the Staats-Zeitung established in 1834 as a weekly became a daily in 1850. * (epic)

C) 1834 was the first year in which the mayor was elected by popular vote, the candidates being Gulian C. Verplanck on an independent ticket, and Cornelius W. Lawrence on the Tammany ticket. *NYS History

D) 1834 George Hall becomes the first Mayor of Brooklyn.

E) The clothing industry originates in New York City. The wholesale making of garments and factory manufacture of clothes begins in 1834. * (NYS History ) Vol: V

F) Henry Brevoort, a New YorkCity merchant built a spectacular house at 24 Fifth avenue (ninth street) in 1834. * (Fifth).

G) St. John's Home, Albany and St. Mark's avs.in Brooklyn, was established in 1834. Capacity, 1,200. In charge of C.R. Orphan Asylum Society. *(Polk's)

H) The New York City Lunatic Asylum (now the Manhattan Hospital) founded in 1834 was the first municipal mental hospital in this country.

I) The Castle Garden Boat Club Association first American organization of amateur rowing clubs, formed in New York. * (TOH)

J) Walter Hunt of New York constructs one of the first sewing machines (vibrating arm with curved needle).

K) St. Augustine's Church: This was a small church of eighteen members, formed in the year 1834, and placed under the pastoral charge of the Rev. Thomas S. Brittan. But Mr. Brittan left it the following year, and the church became extinct.* (hocadnyc)

L) Emmanuel Church: An Episcopal church by this name was organized June 20, 1834, with twenty-eight original members. The Rev. Francis H. Cumming was Rector. Mr. Cumming continued with this church for a little more than a year, when becoming Rector of the Calvary Church, this church was dissolved.* (hocadnyc)

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1) The New York Herald, a one-cent daily is first printed. Editor James Bennett.

2) In 1835, December 16-19, occurred the first most disastrous fire in the history of the city, the entire east side below Wall Street, including about 650 stores, the Merchants' Exchange, and the South Dutch Church, being destroyed, with a loss of almost * (c.e.)
$10,000,000.* (c.e.)

3) "Sunday Courier" was New York City's first Sunday paper published.

4) The Saint Nicholas Society of the City of New York, was founded on February 14, 1835. The noted American author, Washington Irving was primarily responsible for its formation. The first president of the Society was Peter Gerard Stuyvesant, great-great-grandson of the last Dutch Governor of New York, Peter Stuyvesant. * (Heritage).

5) The New York Medical and Surgical Society was first organized. * (NYS History) Vol: V

6) 1835 -The Williamsburgh Gazette was started. Francis G. Fish.

7) Jesse Craft's opened the first general store in Inwood about 1835.

8) The pioneer of the penny press and the first paper to substitute steam-presses for the old machines was the "New York Sun" which first appeared in 1835. * (NYS History)

9) The terrible fire of 1835 in New York City ended the first era of New York's Insurance history. Twenty three of the twenty six Fire Insurance Companies were ruined. It also was one of the causes of the panic of 1837.* (NYS History)

10) The African Methodist Episcopal Church (Zion), South Third, corner of Union avenue in Brooklyn, E. D., was organized in the year 1835.

11) Currier & Ives, American lithographers and print publishers. Nathaniel Currier founded the business in NYC in 1835 and in 1857 formed a partnership with the able artist and businessman James Merritt Ives. * (c.e.)

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