CHRONOLOGY OF NEW YORK CITY'S FACTUAL "FIRST" 1524-1999
Researched and Compiled by Miriam Medina
S E C T
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*Please note this is a work in progress. New
researched information will be added periodically.
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1) The first taxis, imported from Paris, arrive in New York
City, and make their first appearance on October 1, 1907.
2) Felix M. Warburg, a great financier, associated with
Kuhn, Loeb & Co., was appointed one of the first two State
Commissioners by Governor Hughes, in 1907.
3) Florentz Ziegfeld staged his first "Follies," on the roof
of the New York Theatre, July 8,1907. *(afp.com)
4) Mary Mallon, a.k.a. Typhoid Mary, was first apprehended
by New York health authorities. *(tt.net)
5) 1907 Gasoline-powered taxis replace slow battery-powered
hansom cabs. * (nyct)
6) The 800-room Plaza Hotel opens at Central Park South and
58th Street . * (nyct)|
7) The organization of the Lynbrook National Bank, opened
for business on November 2, with Hamilton W. Pearsall as its
8) The Equitable Appraisal Co., at 145 Nassau Street was
incorporated in 1907. *( Blue)
9) The Japan Society at 333 E. 47th Street was founded in
1907. Its purpose was to advance a mutual understanding and
appreciation between the United States and Japan and to
generate a cooperative spirit between the 2 nations. *
10) Bronx Sanitarium, 1259 Washington av. was established in
1907. Capacity, 15. Private.
11) The 23rd Police Precinct Station House, located on the
south side of West 30th Street between Sixth and Seventh
Avenues, was erected in 1907-08 to the design of R. Thomas
Short, who is best known as a designer of apartment
buildings as a partner in the firm of Harde & Short. This
station house served the legendary Tenderloin section of
midtown Manhattan that was previously part of the 19th
Precinct, one of the city's busiest. * (nyclc)
12) 1907 First American "thermos" bottle made in Brooklyn,
New York, by The American Thermos Bottle Company.
13) Belasco Theater, at 111 W 44th Street, between 6th & 7th
Avenues was completed in 1907.Architect George Keister * (jd)
14) The Colony Club is established in 1907 for society
15) Mary Garden, operatic soprano in the title role of
Massenet's Thais she made her American debut (1907) with the
Manhattan Opera Company.
16) Luther Halsey Gulick, American pioneer in physical
education. He was director of physical training in the NYC
public schools from 1903-1908. In 1907 he founded the child
Hygiene Department of the Russell Sage Foundation.* (c.e.)
17) Olivia Slocum Sage, gave large gifts to Emma Willard
School. The great single benefaction was the establishment
(1907) of the Russell Sage Foundation in NYC.
18) On January 22, the first American performance of
Salome, by Richard Strauss, adapted from a play by Oscar
Wilde, is given at the metropolitan Opera House. The theme,
including the dance of the seven veils and the display of
the prophet Jokanaan's head on a platter, is shocking to the
public, and further performances are canceled. * (t.a.a.)`
19) In accordance with one of the rites of the Jewish
religion, requiring that damaged or defective scrolls of the
law be put in the Genizah, or secret hiding place, as in the
olden times, or buried, eighteen scrolls, each comprising
one complete Pentateuch, which were recently damaged by
fire, were buried yesterday in Washington Cemetery by
several orthodox Jewish congregations on the lower east
side, which owned them. It was said this was the first time
this ceremony has been observed in the United States.* (New
York Times, June 17, 1907)
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1) Singer Building, Height: 612 feet (187 meters) Original
owners: Singer Manufacturing Company; Architect and general
contractor: Ernest Flagg. Engineers: Otto F. Semsch; Boller
& Hodge.. Completed May 1, 1908 . *(skyscraper.com)
2) First 'Across The World' auto race starts in New York,
February 12. *(tt.net)
3) The Jewish Museum at 1109 Fifth ave. (at 92nd St.) NYC.
It operates under the auspices of the Jewish Theological
Seminary of America. This French Renaissance landmark was
built in 1908. * (Museums)
4) William Sullivan, a tea merchant in New York invented the
tea bag in 1908. * (50s)
5 ) Manhattan. Audubon Sanitarium, 8 St. Nicholas pl.
Established in 1908. Capacity. 41. Private. * (Polk's)
6) American Institute of Chemical Engineers, 345 E. 47th
Street, in New York City was founded in 1908. * (t.a.)
7) Louis A. and Laura Stirn House, 79 Howard Avenue, Staten
Island. Built 1908, Kafka & Lindenmeyr, architects. * (nyclc)
8) Helen Hayes, American actress a performer from the age of
5 she made her New York debut in 1908. * (c.e.)
9) Albion Noyes Van Vleck began his career as a structural
draftsman with Milliken Bros., Inc. NYC. 1908-1910. *
10) In 1908 George Robertson becomes the first American to
win the Vanderbilt cup. * (c.e.)
11) Hudson Terminal Building. Built over the terminus of the
Hudson and Manhattan Railroad at Cortlandt street and
Broadway by William McAdoo in 1908.
12) On December 24, Motion-picture censorship is
inaugurated by the Society for the Prevention of Vice, which
persuades the mayor of New York City to revoke the licenses
of theaters until and unless they agree to remain closed on
Sundays and to present no immoral films. * (t.a.a.)
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1) The first publication of the "Amsterdam News" in New York
City. It will become America's largest secular black weekly
2) Queensboro Bridge, first of the bridges connecting
Manhattan and Queens, was built by Leon S. Moisseiff, one of
the world's foremost bridge designers. It was opened to the
public on March 30, 1909 at a cost of $20 million and 50
3) On December 31, 1909, Manhattan Bridge at a cost of $31
million was opened,
4) The "New Theater," which opened at Central Park West and
82d Street in 1909.
5) Wilbur Wright makes the first powered airplane flight
over Manhattan, flying from Governors Island in New York
Harbor up the Hudson River to Grants Tomb (Riverside Drive
and West 122nd Street) and back. *nyca
6) Lutheranism had its birth in Freeport in 1909 when
seventeen interested persons met in a hall on Brooklyn
Avenue and later in the year the church was organized.
7) Metropolitan Life Insurance Tower, opens in 1909. The
tower rises above Madison Square at 23rd Street and Madison
Avenue . Architect: Napoleon LeBrun and Sons. *
8) 1909 John D. Rockefeller is the world's first
billionaire. * (nyct)
9 ) NAACP: National Association for the Advancement of
Colored People Founded in 1909 in New York City by a group
of black and white citizens committed to social justice.
10) NYC Metropolitan Museum holds first large show of
American art. 1909.
11) Alma Gluck, American soprano, She sang (1909-12) at
the Metropolitan Opera, New York City, and was one of the
first singers to make phonograph records. * (Bartleby)
12) The American Federation of Arts, 41 E. 65th Street, in
New York City was founded in 1909. * (t.a.)
13) In 1909 Gunther & Co. at 391 Fifth Ave was established.
14) The Met Life building 1909, Napoleon Le Brun.
15) John J. Wynne born in New York City, became founder
and first editor of the Weekly America.
16) John McCormack, singer made his debut in NYC in "La
Traviata" at the Manhattan Opera House in 1909.*(docb)
17) Evangelistic services were held in the "Little Italy"
district of East Harlem, beginning in 1906. Mr. Nardi, the
lay evangelist, gave great impetus to this work. Several
different places were used, 338 East 106th Street; 2050
First Avenue; and in a tent; and finally in 1913 a church
was built by the Church extension Committee at 340 East
106th Street, and from the very beginning it was crowded
with Italians. The Church of the Ascension was organized
November 7, 1909.* (presby)
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1) The Ellin Prince Speyer Hospital for Animals, named for
Mrs. James Speyer, is at 350 Lafayette Street. In 1910, Mrs.
Speyer founded the New York Women's League for Animals to
give free care to stricken animals of poor people.* (ajtg)
2) The largest building ever erected for rail travel,
Pennsylvania Station was commissioned in 1910 by
Pennsylvania Railroad President Alexander Cassatt and built
by architectural firm McKim, Mead and White.
3) May 28, 1910. Glenn H. Curtiss flies Hudson Flyer in
record flight,135.4 miles, from Albany to New York City, in
2 hours, 32 minutes. (Aviation History)
4) New York's Pennsylvania Station opened, November 27,
5) The Metropolitan Opera Company in New York City, Giulio
Gatti-Casazza was the first general manager of that
organization with Andreas Dippel as administrative manager.
* (NYS History) Vol: V
6) In 1910 the first electric train on the Long Beach
division of the Long Island Railroad arrived in Lynbrook,
and the event was celebrated with a parade and elaborate
7) Abajian, M.M. Inc., importers of Oriental and Chinese
rugs located at 2410 Broadway and 88th Street was
established in 1910. *(Blue)
8) First Edition of The Crisis published in 1910. The Crisis
is the official monthly publication of the NAACP. *
9) Frederick Shepherd Converse, American composer, His Pipe
of Desire (Boston, 1906) was performed at the Metropolitan
Opera House, New York City, in 1910; it was the first
American opera performed there. * (Bartleby)
10) Rector's new hotel and restaurant at the southeast
corner of Forty-fifth Street was opened on the
twenty-seventh of December, 1910. * (Bwy)
11) 48-54 West 35th street was completed in 1910, part of
the A.E. Lefcourt Projects, builder & operator. * (nyt)
12) The National Urban League, Inc. 120 Wall street in New
York City was established in 1910.
13) Women's Wear Daily is founded by former peddler Edmund
14) Assn. of National Advertisers, 155 E. 44th St., N.Y. was
established in 1910 * (W.A.)
15) Lunt-Fontanne Theater, 205 W 46th Street, between
Broadway & 8th Avenue. The architects were: Carrere &
Hastings. It was completed in 1910. * (jd)
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1) Samuel Jesse Battle became the first African American
appointed to the NYPD uniformed force on June 28, 1911, as a
result of his successfully overcoming the department's
2) The first outpatient cardiac clinic in New York is
established by NYU's Hubert V. Guile, M.D. *(NYU)
3) Sept. 23, 1911. Earle L. Ovington in Bleriot monoplane
flies first officially sanctioned airmail in U.S., from
Hempstead to Mineola,
LongIsland, N.Y. (Aviation History)
4) Lynbrook was incorporated in 1911 and A. D. Kelsey was
elected first village president.
5) The New York Public Library was built in 1911. At the
library is the first Gutenberg Bible brought to America, a
copy of the N.Y. Gazette dated 1726, the first newspaper
published in New York. * (Museums)
6) February 18, 1911. First Brooklyn automobile show, at
Twenty-third Regiment armory.
7) South Side Hospital, Cooper and George sts. in Babylon,
L.I. was established in 1911. Capacity, 25. * (Polk's)
8) Winter Garden Theater, at 1634 Broadway, between 50th &
51st Streets was completed in 1911. The architect was W.
9) Hazel Dawn is The Pink Lady in her Broadway debut. in
10) The American Psychoanalytic Association at 309 E. 49th
street in New York City was founded in 1911. * (t.a.)
11) 1911 Folies Berger Theater, New York City, installs the
first air-conditioning system in a theater.
12) The New York Public Library's Central Research Building,
an architectural masterpiece by Carrere and Hastings, is
dedicated in 1911.
13) In New York City, the Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire
kills 146 workers, most of them women and children. (1911)
14) Carnegie Corporation of New York established in 1911
under the N.Y. State laws to administer Andrew Carnegie's
remaining personal fortune for philanthropic purposes. * (c.e.)
15) Bronx House, 1637 Washington Ave., was founded in 1911
by Henry Morgenthau, Sr., as a neighborhood settlement. * (ajtg)
16) John Joseph Burke born in NYC helped found the
Catholic Press Association in 1911. * (docb)
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1) The first Manhattan Automat , Horn and Hardart opened in
Times Square in 1912, at 1557 Broadway and by 1932
there were 42 Automat cafeterias in New York City.
2) German immigrant Richard Hellmann introduced Hellmann's
Blue Ribbon Mayonnaise at his deli, Hellmann's Delicatessen,
490 Columbus Avenue in Manhattan. (Newsday.com - C. Blair)
3) The Ambrose Channel Range Light was built in 1912. It's
more commonly known as the Staten Island Lighthouse and is
the largest of Staten Island's lighthouses.
4) 1912-Brooklyn Public Library Central Building opens.
5) Creedmoor State Psychiatric Center, opened in 1912.
6) Wella (Sibert) Cather, an American novelist and editor of
McClure's magazine in New York City. Her first novel was
Alexander Bridge in 1912. * (Benet's)
7) Authors League of America, 330 W. 42nd street in New York
City was founded in 1912. * (t.a.)
8) Fire Engine Company 289, Ladder Company 138, 97-28 43rd
Avenue, Queens. Built 1912-14; Satterlee & Boyd, architects.
9) Girl Scouts of the U.S.A., 429 Fifth avenue in New York
City was established in 1912.
10) Hadassah, The Women's Zionist Organization of America,
50 W. 58th street in New York City was established in 1912.
11) Edwin Howard Armstrong, an American engineer and radio
inventor born in New York city. Armstrong received numerous
awards for his contribution to the development of radio
which include the invention of the regenerative
circuit.(1912), the super heterodyne circuit (1918), the
basic circuit of nearly all modern radio receiver and the
invention of frequency modulation. 1925-33. * (c.e.)
12) David Mannes, American violinist and educator born in
NYC founded the "Music School Settlement for Colored People
in 1912 * (c.e.)
13) Hotel Vanderbilt built in 1912, it occupies an entire
block on Park avenue from 33rd to 34th street.
14) Authors League of America 234 W. 44th St., N.Y., N.Y.,
was established in 1912 * (w.a.)
15) Robert Joseph Cuddihy, publisher born in NYC
developed the plan for the "Standard Encyclopedia" (1912)
and issued sermons and religious reference works for various
faiths. * (docb)
16) James Micheal Kiernan founded the New York Academy of
Public Education while at Hunter he developed the uptown
campus in the Bronx. *(docb)
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