Section: Ethnic Groups
 

Directory: New York City History

 Summary: Click on the link to view the complete article.  NOTE: May open in new window and leave The History Box.com's Website
 
 

 

 

 

Welcome to the Land of Freedom

 

  Photo Credit: Welcome To The Land of Freedom 1887 Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C. 20540 USA LC-USZC2-1255
   
  Leaving their homeland behind, with only the clothes on their back and valuable things in their hearts and minds, such as (family memories, songs, culture, skills, stories from their home land, traditions and  foods) they went to America, the gateway to the realization of their hopes and dreams of a new and better  life. For millions of immigrants, the Statue of Liberty in the New York Harbor was their first glimpse of America. Lady Liberty, " Enlightening the World," was a symbol of democracy, of freedom of expression and religious beliefs. Yet, the memories and nostalgia for their native land will always remain with them.
   
Sub Section: The Irish Community


Article Name: Irish Pioneers of New York City
Article Name: The Brooklyn Irish 1894                              Posted 8/20/09
Special Mention: An excellent E-Book for the benefit of the Irish-American Community. " The Irish in America" by John Francis Magurire 1868.
Web Link: Views of the Famine in Ireland
Web Link: Irish Dancing
Web Link: Irish Step Dancing in America: History
Web Link: Irish Neighborhoods, The Five Points, The Fourth Ward and the Tenderloin
Web Link: Irish in Nyc: The Bowery, Greenwich Village and Hell's Kitchen
Web Link:
Web Link: NY-Irish Mailing List (look-ups for New York area)
Web Link: Ireland: Causes of Immigration
Web Link: Irish Immigrant in New York
Web Link: Irish Biographical Sketches
Web Link: The First St. Patrick's Cathedral
Web Link: Irish American Heritage Museum: Albany
Web Link: The Irish and Ethnic Relations in New York City
Web Link: Abie's Irish Stew
Web Link: Apple And Barley Pudding (Irish)
Web Link: Black Pudding Croquette With Gooseberry Compote, Ireland
Web Link: Irish Recipes
Web Link: Cabbage & Bacon (Irish)
Web Link: Irish American Lamb Stew
Web Link: The Irish Potato Famine
Web Link: How Dagger John Saved New York's Irish
Web Link: The Definitive Guide to the Irish Pubs of New York City

Sub Section: The Italian Community


Article Name: The Joy of Growing up Italian (Permission to use granted by DellaRocchetta.com)
Special Mention: The Italian Immigrant Experience  by Miriam Medina                               Posted 1/10/08                                    
Article Name: Italian Feast In Brooklyn 1900                                                                   Posted 1/7/08
Article Name: Italians Celebrating Saint Roque's Day 1902                                             Posted 1/7/08
Article Name: Brooklyn's Little Italy 1900 Part I                                                                Posted 1/7/08
Article Name: Brooklyn's Little Italy 1900 Part II                                                                Posted 1/7/08
Article Name: Fifth Avenue and A Church In Little Italy 1896                                           Posted 1/11/08
Article Name: Abuse Against An Italian At Barge Office 1902                                         Posted 1/11/08
Article Name: Irate Italians Over New Orleans Lynching Discussed in N.Y. 1891           Posted 1/11/08
Article Name: The Immigrant Coming Here To Suffer 1900                                               Posted 1/12/08
Article Name: Italian Immigration Abuses                                                                          Posted 1/12/08
Article Name: The Danger Encountered by Girl Immigrants 1880                                     Posted 1/12/08
Article Name: South Brooklyn Vendetta or Mafia? Part I 1896                                         Posted 1/16/08
Article Name: South Brooklyn Vendetta or Mafia? Part II 1896                                        Posted 1/16/08
Article Name: South Brooklyn Vendetta or Mafia? Part III 1896                                       Posted 1/16/08
Article Name: South Brooklyn Vendetta or Mafia? Part IV 1896                                      Posted 1/16/08
Article Name: South Brooklyn Vendetta or Mafia? Part V 1896                                       Posted 1/16/08
Article Name: Sicilian's Save Money To Carry Out Their Vengeance here 1902            Posted 1/28/08
Article Name: Old Vendetta in Sicily Behind Catania Killing 1902                                     Posted 1/28/08
Article Name: Italian Life In New York 1892 Part I                                                            Posted 2/20/08
Article Name: Italian Life in New York 1892 Part II                                                           Posted 2/20/08
Article Name: The Italian Women and Their Families 1919                                               Posted 2/22/08
Special Section: A Visual look at how  the Early Italian Immigrant lived  In New York


Pictures: The Marchand Collection At The University of California on the Italian Immigrant
Web Link: Italian Immigrants in the Sleeping Quarters that New York offered the Newcomers.
Web Link: A Sweatshop Tenement Flat on Ludlow Street, New York. 1889
Web Link: Children Playing in Street Sprinkler 1915
Web Link: Father, mother and daughter work together sewing clothing at home."
Web Link: An Italian family and five bunches of artificial flowers in its New York City Home, 1908.
Web Link: Hester Street, c. 1903. The heart of New York City's Lower East Side
Web Link: Child tenement dwellers on a fire escape
Web Link: An alley strewn with bottles and trash, 1889
Web Link: Mother with infant and children in sleeping area of a crowded tenement apartment, c.1910
Web Link: Immigrants making clothing at a shop, 1912
Web Link: Mother and children in a tenement kitchen, 1915
Web Link: Immigrant family working on sewing at home: the Romana family, New York City, 1912.
Web Link: Pushcart peddler in Lower East Side, New  York, early 1900s.
Web Link: Crowded Hester Street, early 1900s.
Web Link: Orchard Street in New York, 1898
Web Link: A Street in the Five Points district of New York City, 1870. The slum streets were narrow, crowded and strewn with garbage.
Web Link: Steerage passengers. The "huddled masses," steerage passengers who came by the thousands between 1880 and 1914 to escape the unbearable conditions in Eastern Europe.
Web Link: Italian Family Looking for Baggage in Ellis Island
Web Link: Deck scene on an immigrant liner in the first years of the 20th century
Web Link: Immigrants penned up by nationality on Ellis Island c. 1910.
Web Link: Italian Women Rag Pickers-1915
Web Link: Child Labor in Tenement Building                                               All links working properly a/o 2/14/2010


Pictures: The Authentic History Center: Has a collection of Jacob Riis photographs with articles of how the early immigrants lived  in New York City.  Click Here

The Authentic History Center is comprised of artifacts and sounds from American popular culture. It was created to teach that the everyday objects in society have authentic historical value and reflect the social consciousness of the era that produced them. Authentic also means conforming to fact, and therefore worthy of trust, reliance, or belief. To meet this definition by presenting an authentic interpretation of American history is our ultimate goal. When a collection is whole enough to be considered an authentic representation of the sources produced about an historical event, they are presented via interpretive essay. Until then, incomplete collections are presented as digital archives without comment for individual study. Additionally, a large audio archive of speeches and news broadcasts are presented for students to experience a level of historical authenticity distinct from written sources. The Authentic History Center is an ambitious work-in-progress and always will be.

Please visit this link to meet the Authentic History Center site creator.



Other Info:  The Italian Community
Web Link: Italian Immigration
Web Link: Italians to America (genealogy)
Web Link: Mark Pezzano: Italian Folk Singer
Web Link: Becoming Americans, The Italian Experience in the New World
Web Link: lItalian Lodge and Foundation
Web Link: Mama Mi Sei Sorella, Amica e Consigliera: The Many Roles That the Italian Mother Plays
Web Link: Notable Italians in New York
Web Link: The Wartime Violations of Italian American Civil Liberties Act
Web Link: Injustice to Italian Laborers: A Deplorable Lynching-Presidential Papers
Web Link: Italian Immigration in New York
Web Link: Musica Palermo: The Debut of Sollima's Opera "Ellis Island
Web Link: Prisoner in Your Own Home
Web Link: Italian-Americans
Web Link: Ships Links on Italian Genealogy
Web Link: Cimorelli
Web Link: Series of Talks by Pope Leo XIII Feb. 20, 1878-July 20, 1903.
Web Link: Series of Talks by Pope John Paul II 1978-2005
Web Link: Italy Research Outline
Web Link: Group of Italians at Ellis Island Photo 1905
Web Link: Italian Ancestry.com -The Ultimate Jump site For All Things Italian
Web Link: Lodge-Sons of Italy
Web Link: Group of Italians at Ellis Island
Web Link: Italian Family in A Ferry Boat Leaving Ellis Island
Web Link: Italian Family Looking For Luggage in Ellis Island-picture
Web Link: Italian Family Making Flowers in East Side Tenement
Web Link: East Harlem Italian Feast , Giglio Feast
Web Link: Our Lady of Mount Carmel Feast-East Harlem- Fordham University
Web Link: Power of Success- Lawrence Auriana
Web Link: The Lisanti Family Chapel in Williamsbridge, The Bronx
Web Link: Italian Genealogy
Web Link: The Naming of the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge :Italian Historical Society


Special Mention: The History Box's Choice As Best of the Web On Information for Italian Harlem and the Italian Community. For more information on the Italian Community visit the Italian Harlem Page, it will be quite an educational experience with regard to their early immigrant history, customs and traditions .


Web Link: Our Lady of Mount Carmel of East Harlem website is a great educational tool for assisting us in learning all about Italian Harlem. A wonderful website that Al Guerra has created reflecting on the history, neighborhood, festivities of the patron saints, culture and traditions of the Italian people and their unforgettable Italian Harlem. Kudos to Al Guerra.
Web Link: East Harlem Giglio: Giglio di San Antonio in East Harlem, is an  Italian Festa in continium
since the early 19th century in East Harlem. Also lots of pictures, current as well as historical can be viewed in this website. There are links to other websites both in America and italy that are devoted to or sponsors of Giglio Feasts. This is also a must see.
Web Link: The Old Neighborhood Online: This website is dedicated to East Harlem and the great people who once ( some still do ) called it home. It has enabled people to reconnect with their roots on a daily basis. Charles DeMonte, the creator of this website and a native of East Harlem stresses how the Giglio Boys and the East Harlem Reunions have revitalized the spirit of East Harlem. Though this website is fairly new, it has great potentials in being an informative site, teaching us about the  Italian people and their passion for preserving their culture and traditions of the old neighborhood. This is a definite must see.
Web Link: My Italian Harlem: This wonderful website reflects clearly the passion of its creator, Angela Bella Puco. For a nostalgic trip to the old neighborhood, I suggest you find yourself a comfortable chair and pour yourself a steaming  espresso and you'll be all set to settle down for a while, for there is a lot to see in her photo gallery as well as listening to selected nostalgic Italian music. This website shows great potential in being an informative site on Italian culture and the Italian Harlem neighborhood.

Sub Section: The African-American Community
Web Link: Seneca Village
Web Link: Early Recordings of African Americans/ Early Ragtime
Web Link: A Black History of Jamaica, New York
Web Link: Slave Island-New York's Hidden History
Web Link: Cab Calloway, perfomer at the Cotton Club
Web Link: Dorothy Dandridge
Web Link: Duke Ellington
Web Link: Lena Horne
Web Link: Drop Me Off in Harlem-Faces of the Renaissance
Web Link: Harlem Groups
Web Link: Adam Clayton Powell, Sr. (1865-1953)
Web Link: The Rise of Black Professionals
Web Link: The Girl's Choir of Harlem
Web Link: The Harlem Globetrotters
Web Link: The Boys Choir of Harlem Sings A Song of Hope
Web Link: The Dance Theater of Harlem
Web Link: Brief Sketches of African Americans
Web Link: Breaking Racial Barriers: African Americans in the Harmon Foundation Collection
Web Link: Jacob Lawrence: One of the Most Important Artists of the 20th Century
Web Link: Madame C. J. Walker-Inventor and Businesswoman
Web Link: Marian Anderson: A Life in Song
Web Link: Charles Richard Drew: Physician and Surgeon
Web Link: The Black Fashion Museum-The African Diaspora Experience
Web Link: From Slavery to Freedom: The African-American Pamphlet Collection1822-1909
Web Link: Researching your African-American Ancestors
Web Link: Free Blacks Before the Civil War
Web Link: African American History, Impact, & Culture
Web Link: Serving the Union: U.S. Colored Troops in the Retreat to Appomattox
Web Link: Hallie Quinn Brown 1850-1949 Educator, Lecturer and Clubwoman
Web Link: John B. Russwurm and Samuel E.Cornish - March 16, 1827, on this day they founded one of the first Black newspapers, The Freedom Journal, in New York CIty
Web Link: Classic Black - photography exhibit of African American ballet dancers, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, New York
Web Link: On the Conditions of the Free People of Color in the United States, Anti-Slavery Examiner 13 New York, 1839

Sub Section: The German Community
Web Link: New York City And The Germans
Web Link: The German American, An Ethnic Experience
Web Link: Mediaeval Germany and The Causes of German Emigration
Web Link: Heroes In The War For Our Independence
Web Link: Biographies: Alphabetical List of German-Americans
Web Link: Immigration...German: Isolation to Assimilation
Web Link: Beer Barons
Web Link: The German Immigrant
Web Link: German Clubs and the Public Display of "Germannes"
Web Link: A German American Chronology
Web Link: History of a New York Institution
Web Link: Lou Gehrig: "The Iron Horse"


Sub Section: The Finnish Community
Article Name: The Finnish Community in America Pre 1949            Posted 8/31/09

Sub Section: The Puerto Rican Community
Web Link:
Web Link: Puerto Rico (The Spanish American War 1898)
Web Link: Puerto Rico (Academic Research Resources) multiple links
Web Link: Chita Rivera Biography
Web Link: Juan Francisco Torres: Puerto Rican Artist.
Web Link: Music of Puerto Rico,Tito Puente
Web Link: Rita Moreno-Puerto Rico Profile
Web Link: Raul Julia-Puerto Rico Profile
Web Link: Hall of Fame-Oscar Garcia Rivera
Web Link: The Cuatro: Puerto Rico's National Instrument
Web Link: New York's: Latin Music Landmarks
Web Link: El Museo del Barrio
Web Link: Customs and Traditions of the Puerto Rican People
Web Link: The Boricua Kitchen: Variety of Puerto Rican Recipes


Special Mention For more information on the Puerto Rican Community please visit the "Spanish Harlem Page," for insight into their early migration history to the mainland, cultures and traditions.


Sub Section: The Cuban Community
Special Mention Fleeing From Communist Oppression: The Great Cuban Exodus 1959 by Miriam Medina       2/2/07
Web Link: Cuban Immigration to the United States
Web Link: Cuban Genealogy
Web Link: Cuban Immigration 1959-2008
Web Link: Pride of Cuba On Parade
Web Link: Cuban Chinese Restaurants
Web Link: The Cuban-American
Web Link: The Role of Spanish in the Cuban Communities of New York City
Web Link: Cuban Recipes
Web Link: Best Cuban Recipes
Web Link: 3 Guys from Miami
Web Link: Cuban Cuisine
Web Link: Aunt Julia's Paella (Spanish)
Web Link: Caldo Callego (Spanish Vegetable and Sausage)
Web Link: Picadillo Con Alcaparras (Picadillo With Capers) Spanish
Web Link: Paella a la Valenciana (Spanish)
Web Link: Desi Arnaz
Web Link: Gloria Estefan
Web Link: Andy Garcia
Web Link: Celia Cruz
Web Link: John Secada
Web Link: La Lupe
Web Link: Mambo Dance History
Web Link: Spanish Dancing
Web Link: The Carlota Santana Spanish Dance Company


Sub Section: The Dominican Community
Web Link: Dominicans in Washington Heights
Web Link: Dominicans in Sunnyside and Woodside
Web Link: History of Salsa
Web Link: Merengue Dance
Web Link: Dominican Immigrants in the United States

Section: The Jewish Community
   
                                                                          Israeli National Anthem
                      
 

Hatikva is the national anthem of the State of Israel.

The text comes from a poem by Naftali Hertz Imber called Tikvatenu, first published in Jerusalem in 1886. It soon became popular throughout the Jewish world and in 1933 was adapted as the anthem of the Zionist Movement by the 18th Zionist Congress. Upon establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, Hatikva became the national anthem.

 
HATIKVA

Kol od balevav penima
Nefesh Yehudi homiya,
Ulfa'atei mizrach kadima
Ayin l'Tziyon tzofiya.

Od lo avda tikvatenu,
Hatikva bat sh'not alpayim,
Lihyot am chofshi be'artzenu
Eretz Tziyon virushalayim.
  THE HOPE

As long as deep within the heart
A Jewish soul stirs,
And forward, to the ends of the East
An eye looks out, towards Zion.

Our hope is not yet lost,
The hope of two thousand years,
To be a free people in our land
The land of Zion and Jerusalem.
 

Hebrew Songs

   
Article Name: A Brief History of the Kehillah                                   Posted 12/25/07
Article Name: An Act To Incorporate the Kehillah of NYC               Posted 12/25/07
Article Name: Constitution of the New York Jewish Community     Posted 12/25/07
Article Name: The Cantors and Their Problem                                 Posted 12/26/07
Article Name: The Cantors' Association of America                       Posted 12/26/07
Article Name: The First Jewish Colony on Manhattan island
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z  Ltr. A
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z  Ltr. B
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z  Ltr. C
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z  Ltr. D
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z  Ltr. E
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z Ltr.  F
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z Ltr. G
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z Ltr. H
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z  Ltrs. I-J           Posted 12/15/06
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z  Ltrs. K             Posted 6/03/07
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z Ltrs. L              Posted 6/03/07
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z Ltrs. Ma-Mel     Posted 7/12/09
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z  Ltr. Mem-Mos          Posted 7/12/09
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge A-Z Ltr. Mourning-Mysticism          Posted 10/17/09
Article Name: Jewish Dietary Laws
Article Name: Jewish Knowledge: Eighteen Benedictions
Article Name: Cabala
Article Name: Violent Demonstrations At Chief Rabbi Joseph's Funeral 1902
Article Name: Jews, in Huge Parade, Mourn Dead In Russia.1905                     Posted 11/9/06.
Article Name: Customs and Habits of the Jewish Population on the East Side : 1895         Posted 11/9/06
Article Name: Jews on East Side Bury Their Scrolls: Parchments Damaged by Fire 1907      Posted 11/9/06
Article Name: Causes Of Emigration/Immigration of The Jewish People Pre 1900 Part I
Article Name: Causes Of Emigration/Immigration of The Jewish People Pre 1900 Part II
Article Name: Feast of Purim, A Hebrew Festival Generally Observed in Brooklyn-1889    Posted 11/12/06
Article Name: Our Hebrew Cemeteries 1886                                 Posted 2/18/07
Article Name: The Hebrews Among Us 1870                                Posted 2/19/07
Article Name: Synagogue Government Part I                                 Posted 3/24/07
Article Name: Synagogue Government Part II                                Posted 3/24/07
Article Name: Synagogue Government Part III                               Posted 3/24/07
Article Name: Synagogue Government Part IV                              Posted 3/24/07
Article Name: Synagogue Government Part V                               Posted 3/24/07
Article Name: Vocational Schools Established and maintained by the Jewish Community in New York     Posted 7/8/07
Article Name: List of Congregations in Manhattan and the Bronx Pre: 1918 Letter A            Posted 7/04/07
Article Name: List of Congregations in Manhattan and the  Bronx Pre: 1918 letter B             Posted 7/4/07
Article Name: List of Congregations in Manhattan and the Bronx Pre: 1918 Letter C             Posted 7/4/07
Article Name: List Of Congregations Brooklyn, Queen's and Richmond Part I                        Posted 12/26/07
Article Name: List Of Congregations Brooklyn, Queen's and Richmond Part II                       Posted 12/26/07
Article Name: List Of Congregations Brooklyn, Queen's and Richmond Part III                      Posted 12/26/07
Article Name: New York City's Jewish Correctional Agencies And Their Professional Workers Part I      Posted 7/5/07
Article Name: Local Jewish Labor Organizations: Garment Industry-Men's Clothing 1918                         Posted 7/8/07
Article Name: The Jewish Press In New York City Part I                                                                             Posted 12/28/07
Article Name: The Jewish Press In New York City Part II                                                                            Posted 12/28/07
Article Name: The Jewish Press In New York City Part III                                                                           Posted 12/28/07
Article Name: Miscellaneous Jewish Periodicals Published in New York City Previous to 1917                 Posted 7/19/07
Article Name: Jewish Periodicals appearing In New York City During 1917                                                Posted 7/20/07
Article Name: To Be A Jew: A Rabbi Asks If It Is A Misfortune 1888                                                          Posted 10/30/07
Article Name: Miscellaneous Tid-Bits of the Jewish Community In NYC 1917 Part I              Posted 7/1/07
Article Name: Miscellaneous Tid-Bits of the Jewish Community in NYC 1917 Part II              Posted 7/6/07
Article Name: Miscellaneous Tid-Bits of the Jewish Community In NYC 1918 Part III             Posted 7/21/07
Article Name: Jewish Zeal: Growth of the Young Men's Hebrew Association 1887            Posted 6/03/07
Article Name: The Passover: Beginning of the Great Jewish Feast 1892                             Posted 4/5/07
Article Name: The House of Rothschild: Genealogy Information Part I                                   Posted 6/04/07
Article Name: The House of Rothschild: Genealogy Information Part II                                  Posted 6/5/07
Article Name: The House of Rothschild: Genealogy Information Part III      Last part             Posted 6/6/07
Article Name: Attributes of the Jewish People                                                                       Posted 10/26/07
Article Name: Brooklyn's  Jewish Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Aaron-Abels                             Posted 3/21/07
Article Name: Brooklyn's Jewish  Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Ageloff-Alpert                           Posted 3/22/07
Article Name: Brooklyn's Jewish Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Arens-Arons                              Posted 3/23/07
Article Name: Brooklyn's Jewish Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Bachrach-Bailey                        Posted 3/23/07
Article Name: Brooklyn's Jewish Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Balton-Barnett                            Posted 3/23/07
Article Name: Brooklyn's Jewish Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Barnett-Baum                             Posted 3/26/07
Article Name: Brooklyn's Jewish Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Belinky-Berg                              Posted 3/28/07
Article Name: Brooklyn's Jewish Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Bernstein-Bernstein                  Posted 3/29/07
Article Name: Brooklyn's Jewish Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Bienenstock-Blank                    Posted 4/4/07   
Article Name: Brooklyn's Jewish Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Bloch-Bloch                              Posted 4/4/07
Article Name: Brooklyn's Jewish Businessmen: Pre: 1925 Blumberg-Breslaw                   Posted 4/13/07
Article Name: The Judeans                                                                                                   Posted 5/18/08
Article Name: The Jewish Family and Home Part I                                                                Posted 5/18/08
Article Name: The Jewish Family and Home Part II                                                               Posted 7/4/08
Article Name: Jews In New York 250 Years Part I                                                               Posted 10/22/08
Article Name: Jews In New York 250 Years Part II                                                               Posted 10/23/08
Article Name: Jews In New York 250 Years Part III                                                              Posted 10/23/08
Article Name: In the New Hebrew Quarter of Harlem 1904 Part I                                       Posted 9/24/08
Article Name: In the New Hebrew Quarter of Harlem 1904 Part II                                       Posted 9/24/08
Article Name: Jewish Historical Tid-Bits: Manhattan Part I (more to come)                           Posted 11/08/08
Article Name: Jewish Graduation and Rabbinical Degrees Tid-Bits #1                                 Posted 12/13/08
Article Name: Jewish Graduation and Rabbinical Degrees Tid-Bits #2                                 Posted 12/13/08
Article Name: Abraham of Essex Street 1890                                                                       Posted 5/11/09


Sub Section: Witnesses and Survivors of The Holocaust: The Fortunoff Video Archives At Yale University
Web Link: Testimony Excerpt of Rabbi Baruch G: Describes forced labor in the Mlawa, Poland Ghetto
Web Link: Testimony Excerpt of Rachel G: She describes the Gestapo's search for her, the Jewish child.
Web Link: Testimony Excerpt of Edith P: A Survivor who describes Auschwitz
Web Link: Testimony Excerpt of Helen R.: She describes her experience in Auschwitz


Sub Section: Miscellaneous Jewish Information
Web Link: Hebrew Alphabet
Web Link: Torah Readings
Web Link: Prayers and Blessings
Web Link: Biography of a work in progress: Barbara Streisand
Web Link: Evelyn Pike Rubin:Jewish Activist, Author and Lecturer
Web Link: Jewish Cemeteries in the New York Metropolitan Area
Web Link: Jewish Politicians of New York
Web Link: From Shetl to Tenements
Web Link: Jewish Leaders
Web Link: Emigration/Immigration of Jews
Web Link: Progress of the Jewish Community-Pre 1934
Web Link: Jewish First Names and Surnames
Web Link: Bravo, Bravo, Bravo, Jewish Women! The Kosher Meat Boycott of 1902
Web Link: The Battle of the Balcony: 1756
Web Link: Ernestine Louise Rose: The First American Jewish Feminist
Web Link: The Kings of Copper: The Hendricks Family of New York
Web Link: The Americanization of Reform Judaism
Web Link: Notable People of the Jewish Community of New York
Web Link: Jewish Communal Interests in New York-Pre 1934
Web Link: Humble Roots of American Retailing
Web Link: Penina Moise: America's First Female Jewish Poet and Hymnist
Web Link: Noble Prize Award: Jewish Community-Pre 1934
Web Link: Jewish "Continuity" in Early America
Web Link: Vindication of an American Jewish Patriot
Web Link: Jewish Institute of Religion, Information and Graduates List 1926-1933
Web Link: Jewish Theological Seminary of America: N.Y. Faculty & Alumni List 1894-1933
Web Link: America's First Hebrew Teacher
Web Link: Revolutionary Broker
Web Link: Alumni List of Yeshiva College: Pre 1934
Web Link: Rabbi's of New York
Web Link: The First American-Born "Rabbi"
Web Link: Justice Carodozo, Sephardic Jew
Web Link: American Jewish Historical Society of New York
Web Link: Hebrew Union College-and alumni list 1883-1933.
Web Link: B'nai B'rith Lodge
Web Link: Chanukah, American Style
Web Link: The First American Bat Mitzvah
Web Link: Hanna Arendt
Web Link: Jewish Orphanages in the United States
Web Link: National Jewish Organizations: Civic Defense, Political & Cultural-Pre 1952
Web Link: Grandma's Kitchen Favorites Kosher Recipes
Web Link: Hank Greenberg: Baseball's First Jewish Superstar
Web Link: Gertrude "Tiby" Eisen: All American Professional Baseball League
Web Link: Jewish-American Hall of Fame-Jewish Museum in Cyberspace: Virtual Tour
Web Link: The Gomez Mill House Virtual Museum
Web Link: Agnes Keleti: Gymnastics (Most Successful Jewish Female Olympian in History)
Web Link: Lamb Shanks with Portobello Mushrooms and Dried Cranberries (Jewish)
Web Link: Potato and Walnut Fritters (Jewish)
Web Link: Emma Lazarus
Web Link: Mordecai Manuel Noah
Web Link: Annie Meyer-Writer
Web Link: American Red Cross International Services -Holocaust Tracing
Web Link: Samuel L. Shneiderman: June 15, 1906-October 8,  1996 
Web Link: Memories of My Saba by Anna Shneiderman
Web Link: Reminiscences of My Father by Ben Shneiderman
Web Link: Early History Of The Jews In New York 1654-1664

Sub Section: The Chinese Community
Web Link: Chinese Immigration to New York
Web Link: The History of New York's Chinatown
Web Link: Chinese Immigration Prior to 1900
Web Link: Chinese Immigration Presidental Papers 1789-1897

Sub Section:  The American Indian        
Special Mention Also click here for Indian Tribes/Treaties/Chiefs/Leaders located in the United States Main Directory for additional  information on the American Indian.
Article Name: The Indians of New York                                         Posted 8/13/08
Article Name: Indian Occupancy in New York                               Posted 8/23/08
Article Name: Selected Indians of New York State  Part I             Posted 9/13/08
Article Name: Selected Indians of New York State Part II              Posted 9/13/08
Article Name: Selected Indians of New York State Part III             Posted 9/13/08
Article Name: Selected Indians of New York State Part IV            Posted 9/13/08
Article Name: Selected Indians of New York State Part V             Posted 9/13/08        Final Part
Web Link: American Indian Genealogy
Web Link: Indian Tribes of New York
Web Link: Native American Clothing and Regalia
Web Link: The Life and Times of Gen. Ely S. Parker: The Last Grand Sachem of the Iroquois

Sub Section: The Hollanders
Web Link: Hollanders Who Helped Build America
Web Link: Prominent Hollanders Name Index. .New York
Web Link: Prominent Hollanders Bios. New York

Sub Section: The French Huguenots
Article Name: The Huguenot Migration In Europe and America: Its Cause and Effect Part I
Article Name: The Huguenot Migration In Europe and America: Its Cause and Effect Part II
Article Name: The Huguenot Migration In Europe and America: Its Cause and Effect Part III
Web Link: Experiences of The French Huguenots In America: The King's Refugees
Web Link: Huguenot Genealogy Resources
Web Link: Traits and Stories of the Huguenots

All links on this page working properly as of August 24, 2008.

Also this page has been updated a/o August 24, 2008.

 
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