Miscellaneous Tid-Bits With Regard To The American Indian Part III

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Maskegon   Volume: XIII   Page: 140

A wandering Algonquian people, an offshoot of the Ojibwa, scattered over the immense swamp region of British America, stretching from Lake Winnipeg to Hudson Bay, including the basins of the Nelson and Severn rivers. In former times they lived entirely by hunting and fishing, to which those upon reservations now add lumbering and a little farming. As they are officially classed with the Cree and Ojibwa, no reliable estimate of their population can be given, but they may number from 1500 to 2000.

Massasoit (1580-1661)   Volume: XIII   Page: 167

An American ethnologist and linguist. He was born on the Tuscarora reservation, near Niagara Falls, N.Y.; with some Tuscarora blood in his veins, he learned the language of that tribe while a child. He was educated in the public schools of Wilson and Lockport and was successively farmer and journalist till 1879, when he was employed by the department of American ethnology in the Smithsonian Institution where he devoted himself to Indian ethnology and the languages of the Tuscaroras and Iroquois.

A celebrated sachem of the Wampanoag or Pokanoket Indians, whose territory embraced nearly all the southern part of the present Massachusetts, from Cape Cod to Narragansett Bay. His tribe was said to have been very large at one time, but to have been almost exterminated by disease, so that, on the coming of the whites, it numbered only about 300. On March 22, 1621, he visited Plymouth with sixty warriors, and on behalf of the Wampanoags concluded a treaty of peace and mutual protection with Governor Carver. This was sacredly kept by both sides for more than fifty years, and Massasoit himself remained the steadfast friend of the colonists until his death in 1661. He lived at Pokanoket, within the present town of Bristol, R.I., where commissioners from the adjacent settlements often visited him.

Montagnais   Volume: XIII   Page: 743

A name applied to two American Indian tribal groups. (1) A group of closely cognate Algonquian tribes in Quebec Province and shore of the Saint Lawrence River from near the entrance of the Saint Maurice nearly to the Gulf and inland to the main divide. They have greatly decreased in number from sickness and starvation resulting from the destruction of their former game supply. No separate census is kept, as they are officially grouped with the Nascopi, Tetes-de-Boule, and other tribes and bands. So far as can be learned from the reports, they appear to make their principal living by hunting, fishing, making bark canoes, snowshoes, and moccasins, and acting as guides to tourists.

(2) A name somewhat loosely applied to certain Athapascan tribes, more particularly the Chippewyan, in the mountain region stretching from the Churchill River northward to the Great Slave Lake, including also the country about Caribou, Hatchet, and Athabasca lakes in British America. They have all been Christianized by Catholic missionaries.

Munsee    Volume: XIV    Page: 130

A sub tribe of the Delaware originally constituting one of the three great divisions of that tribe and dwelling along the upper streams of the Delaware River, and the adjacent country in New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania. They were considered the most warlike portion of the tribe and assumed the leadership in war councils. From their principal totem they were frequently called the Wolf Tribe of the Delaware. They were prominent in the early history of New York and New Jersey, being among the first tribes of that region to meet the whites. By a noted fraudulent treaty known as the Walking Purchase, the main body was forced to remove from the Delaware River about the year 1740. They settled on the Susquehanna, on lands assigned them by the Iroquois, but soon afterwards moved westward and joined the main Delaware tribe on the Ohio River, with whom the greater portion eventually became incorporated. A considerable body, who were converted by the Moravian missionaries, drew off from he rest and formed a separate organization, most of them removing to Canada during the Revolution. Others joined the Ojibwa and Stockbridge Indians. The majority were incorporated in the Delaware, with whom they participated in their subsequent wars and removals. Those who still keep the name of Munsee are in three bands, two of which are consolidated with other tribal fragments, so that no separate census is available. These tribes are the Munsees of the Thames, Ontario, Canada, 120; Munsee (or Christian), and Chippewa, northeastern Kansas, 90; and Stockbridge and Munsee, Green Bay Agency, Wis., 530. Those of the United States are officially reported as civilized and entirely competent to manage their own affairs. The mixed band in Kansas has dissolved tribal relations.

Narraganset    Volume: XIV    Page: 248

A former leading Algonquian tribe of New England, occupying most of the territory along the western shore of the bay of the same name, in Rhode Island, and claiming dominion over several smaller tribes of the interior and the islands, including Long Island. They seem to have been of more ancient occupancy than the neighboring Mohegan and Pequot. They escaped the pestilence which had desolated the southern New England coast in 1617, and being joined by many of the fugitive survivors, soon became a strong tribe, so that it is certain that they numbered several thousands when first known to the whites. They befriended Roger Williams, and through his influence refused to join in the Pequot War. In King Philip's War the Narraganset took a leading part under their chief Canonicus. In the celebrated "Swamp Fight" they lost nearly 1000 in killed and prisoners. Canonicus himself was killed soon afterwards. Those who surrendered at the close of the war were settled among their former tributaries, the Niantic, the whole body thenceforth being known as Narraganset. They were assigned a tract of land near Charlestown, on the southwestern coast of Rhode Island, where they have gradually decreased by emigration and decay, until they are now reduced to a mongrel remnant of mixed Indian, negro, and Portuguese blood.

Ninigret (c1610-1677)     Volume: XIV    Page: 574

A sachem of an Algonquian tribe of Indians, the Niantics. He assisted the English colonists in the Pequot war of 1637, but soon afterwards began to scheme for their expulsion or extermination. A visit to the Dutch on Manhattan Island in 1652-53 caused him to be suspected of plotting against the United Colonies, whose commissioners, in April, 1653, declared war against him, but were unable to prosecute it, owing to the opposition of Massachusetts. Ninigret, however, soon attacked the Long Island Indians, allies of the English, and the commissioners, after summoning him in vain to Hartford, sent Major Samuel Willard against him with a force of 310 men. Ninigret took refuge in a swamp, but subsequently (1662), in conjunction with several other chiefs, sold a large part of his territory to the colonists. Several of his successors from whom land titles were secured by Rhode Island were also called Ninigret.

Nipissing     Volume: XIV    Page: 575

An Algonquian tribe, formerly residing about the lake of the same name in Northern Ontario, Canada. When first known to the French, early in the Seventeenth century, they were one of the most prominent and influential tribes of Canada, and were regarded by the Jesuit missionaries as the typical Algonquian tribe, and their language as the standard for the whole linguistic stock. On the destruction of the missions by the Iroquois about 1650 they were forced to fly to the north and west, almost to the extreme western end of Lake Superior. They afterwards returned and settled, some in their old country on the lake shores, others at the Three Rivers, and also with the Catholic Iroquois at the lake of Two Mountains, near Montreal, where they still have a village. It is impossible to give any reliable statement of the past or present number of the Nipissing, as they are generally included in the estimates with the other tribes known collectively as Algonquian. The Indians now on a reservation on Lake Nipissing are officially classed as Ojibwa.


Website: The History Box.com
Article Name: Miscellaneous Tid-Bits With Regard To The American Indian Part III
Researcher/Preparer/Transcriber Miriam Medina


BIBLIOGRAPHY: From my Collection of Books: The New International Encyclopedia; 1902-1905 Dodd, Mead and Company-New York Total of 21 Volumes.
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