Hattusa: The Ancient Capital of the Hittite Empire

  • Capital of the Hittite Empire: Hattusa, located near modern-day Boğazkale in Turkey, was the capital of the Hittite Empire in the late Bronze Age. It served as the political, religious, and cultural center of one of the most powerful empires in ancient Anatolia.
  • Impressive City Walls: The city was protected by massive stone walls, some sections of which still stand today. These fortifications included several impressive gates, such as the Lion Gate and the King’s Gate, adorned with sculptures that showcased the city’s grandeur and craftsmanship.
hattusa wall

  • Cuneiform Tablets: Hattusa is famous for its extensive archives of cuneiform tablets, which were discovered in the royal palace and temples. These tablets provide valuable insights into the Hittite Empire’s administration, law, and diplomacy, including treaties with neighboring states like Egypt.


  • The Great Temple: The city’s largest religious structure, the Great Temple, was dedicated to the storm god Teshub and the sun goddess Hebat. The temple complex included storage rooms filled with offerings, highlighting the religious significance of Hattusa and its role in Hittite worship practices.
  • Rock Sanctuary of Yazilikaya: Just outside Hattusa, the rock sanctuary of Yazilikaya served as an important ceremonial site. Its rock carvings depict a procession of Hittite gods and goddesses, offering a glimpse into the religious beliefs and artistic achievements of the Hittites.
hattusa gates

Hattusa’s archaeological remains provide a rich tapestry of Hittite history and continue to shed light on the complexities of ancient Anatolian civilizations.

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